Man vaping on a park bench

Vaping and Electronic Cigarettes (E-cigs)

How Many People Vape?

Approximately 4.4% of American adults vape. In 2020, 221.9 million units of e-cigarette products were sold in U.S. retail stores nationwide. This is an increase of 173.7% from 2015. Approximately 11.3% of teens vape.

Teen vaping prevalence

In 2021, 85% of youth who vape chose flavored vapes. Disposables were most common, by about 53% of youth who vape, followed by refillable or prefilled cartridges at 28.7%.

For more national stats, see the CDC page.

Health Effects

A congressionally mandated panel from the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine examined more than 800 peer-reviewed scientific studies. In its report, the panel concluded that evidence suggests that while e-cigarettes are not without health risks, they are likely less harmful than combustible cigarettes.

  • Long-term health effects of vaping are unknown.
  • Vaping devices with THC can be deadly.
    • In the United States:
      • As of February 18, 2020, a total of 2,807 hospitalized EVALI cases or deaths have been reported to CDC from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and two U.S. territories (Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands).
      • Sixty-eight deaths have been confirmed in 29 states and the District of Columbia (as of February 18, 2020).
      • Most of these deaths have reportedly involved vaping THC with vitamin E acetate.
    • Illinois and Wisconsin: Hospitalizations from Vaping “Street” Products
Vaping News Conference
Wisconsin teenager Logan Krahn discusses how he nearly died after vaping, urging youth not to vape.

Why is youth vaping a concern?

Dr. Piper discusses vaping
Dr. Megan Piper discusses vaping at the state Capitol
Dr. Megan Piper discusses vaping with Hannah Flood
UW-CTRI’s Dr. Megan Piper discusses vaping with NBC 15’s Hannah Flood

Does Vaping Help People Quit Smoking? 

UW-CTRI Research on Vaping

UW-CTRI is analyzing its second study on smoking and vaping. The first UW-CTRI study on smoking and vaping found no clear evidence that vaping e-cigs reduced smoking or lowered carbon monoxide levels in participants. The second study did find that dual users of e-cigs and regular cigarettes smoked fewer cigarettes per day, but were taking in the same amount of nicotine. UW is also conducting a study on the acute and long-term effects of vaping.

There is still much about vaping we don’t know, including the interaction between smoking and COVID-19. UW-CTRI has called for more research.

Regulation

Taxes on Vaping

Wisconsin recently joined other states in taxing vaping products.