Research Citations: The Business Case for Helping Employees Quit Smoking

Don’t take our word for it. Examine the extensive research on which we’ve based our materials.

  1. “The Dollars (and Sense) Benefits of Having a Smoke-free Workplace,” Michigan Department of Community Health, 2000.
  2. “Reducing Tobacco Use,” a report from the U.S. Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Clean Indoor Air Regulations Fact Sheet.” National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. April 11, 2001.
  3. Halpern, M.T.; Shikiar, R.; Rentz, A.M.; Khan, Z.M., “Impact of smoking status on workplace absenteeism and productivity,” Tobacco Control 10(3): 233-238, September 2001.
  4. Centers for Disease Control (CDC). “Annual Smoking Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Economic Costs-United States, 1995-1999.” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. JAMA, (287)18:2335-2356, 8 May 2002.
  5. Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services. “Burden of Tobacco in Wisconsin,” Feb. 2002.
  6. CDC, Smoking Attributable Morbidity, Mortality and Economic Costs (SAMMEC): Adult SAMMEC software. Calculation performed on January 24, 2002. Mortality data from 2000 Wisconsin death certificates, Wisconsin Dept. of Health, Division of Health Care Financing, Bureau of Health Information.
  7. “The Cost of Smoking to Business,” American Cancer Society, April 13, 2000.
  8. The Business Case for Coverage of Tobacco Cessation,” an actuarial analysis, Leif associates, Inc., on behalf of the Colorado Clinical Guidelines Collaborative.
  9. UW-CTRI Report: Coverage of Tobacco Cessation Treatments, 2004, survey research.
  10. Kristein MM, “How Much Can Business Expect to Profit from Smoking Cessation?,” Prev Med., 1983, March 12, (2):358-81.
  11. Musich S, Napier D, Edington DW, “The Association of Health Risks with Workers’ Compensation Costs,” Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2001 Jun; 43(6):534-41.
  12. UW-CTRI, “How Smokers Quit,” 2003 Wisconsin Tobacco Survey, Nov. 2004.
  13. U.S. Fire Administration website, 2005.
  14. “The Health Consequences of Smoking,” U.S. Surgeon General Report, CDC, 2004.
  15. “Coverage for Tobacco Use Cessation Treatments,” CDC.
  16. Mokdad AH, Marks JS, Stroup DF, Gerberding JL, Actual Causes of Death in the United States, 2000, JAMA, 2004 March 10; 291 (10):1238-45.
  17. Fishman PA, Khan ZM, Thompson EE, Curry SJ, Health Care Costs Among Smokers, Former Smokers, and Never Smokers in an HMO, Health Serv. Res. 2003 April; 38(2):733-49. [Abstract]