Vaping and Electronic Cigarettes (E-cigs)

Electronic Cigarettes (e-cigs) and other “vaping” devices (such as JUUL) are battery-operated products designed to deliver nicotine, flavor and other chemicals. They turn chemicals, including highly addictive nicotine, into an aerosol that is inhaled by the user. Most e-cigs are manufactured to look like conventional cigarettes, cigars, or pipes. Some resemble everyday items such as pens or USB memory sticks.

To Address Your Vaping

How Many Youth Vape?

On Nov. 2, 2023, the FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), released data from the 2023 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) on tobacco product use among U.S. youth. The findings, which were collected between March and June 2023, show that 10% of U.S. middle and high school students (2.8 million youth) reported current use of any tobacco product.

  • U.S. high school students who vape=12.6%
  • U.S. middle school students who vape=6.6%

According to the NYTS, total youth vaping peaked in 2019 at about 20%, declined to under 10% in 2021 but has risen again to around 10% since.

For more national stats, see the FDA page.

Health Effects

Vaping News Conference

Wisconsin teenager Logan Krahn discusses how he nearly died after vaping, urging youth not to vape.

  • A congressionally mandated panel from the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine examined more than 800 peer-reviewed scientific studies. In its report, the panel concluded that evidence suggests that while e-cigarettes are not without health risks, they are likely less harmful than combustible cigarettes.
  • However, long-term health effects of vaping are unknown. The CDC has issued warnings about short-term effects. Kids should not start using nicotine.
  • Free webinar: Vaping Evolved: What Parents Need to Know, November 17, 2021
  • Nicotine alters the adolescent brain. It increases their risk for:
      • Impulsivity.
      • Mood disorders.
      • Stunted learning and recall.
      • Diminished enjoyment of activities they normally adore.

How Many People Vape?

In 2021, 13.2 million people aged 12 or older (or 4.7%) used an e-cigarette or other vaping device to vape nicotine in the past month. The percentage of people who vaped nicotine was highest among young adults aged 18 to 25 (14.1% or 4.7 million people), followed by adolescents aged 12 to 17 (5.2% or 1.4 million people), then by adults aged 26 or older (3.2% or 7.1 million people).

Among people aged 12 to 20 in 2021, 11.0% (or 4.3 million people) used tobacco products or used an e-cigarette or other vaping device to vape nicotine in the past month. Among people in this age group, 8.1% (or 3.1 million people) vaped nicotine, 5.4% (or 2.1 million people) used tobacco products, and 3.4% (or 1.3 million people) smoked cigarettes in the past month.

Among people aged 12 or older who vaped any substance in the past month, 71.1% vaped nicotine, 40.1% vaped marijuana, and 19.2% vaped flavoring.

Source: SAMHSA National Survey on Drug Use and Health (released March 2023, based on 2021 data)

Does Vaping Help People Quit Smoking?